MIDI Patch descriptions

General notation

“Wide”; these (generally keyboard) patches simulate a stereo-miced instrument, with lower pitches panned to the left, and higher pitches panned to the right.
“Off patch”; these (generally plucked string) patches include a separate patch played on note release, simulating the percussive damping of the string.


1.0 Piano 1
A grand piano.
1.8 Piano 1w
Wide version of 1.0.
1.16 Piano 1d
A grand piano with the damper pedal engaged. 1.0 produces the same sound with the damper controller on.
2.0 Piano 2
A bright grand piano.
2.8 Piano 2w
Wide version of 2.0.
3.0 Piano 3
An electric grand piano, e.g. Yamaha CP-70 or CP-80.
3.1 EG+Rhodes 1
A mix of 3.0 and 6.16.
3.2 EG+Rhodes 2
A mix of 3.0 and 6.24.
3.8 Piano 3w
Wide version of 3.0.
4.0 Honky-tonk
A tack piano, as is used in ragtime revival music to simulate the sound of an unmaintained upright (see 4.8).
4.8 Old Upright
An unmaintained upright piano, as would be found in a honky-tonk. Historical American.
5.0 E.Piano 1
An SA‐synthesized Rhodes electric piano, e.g. Rhodes (Roland) MK-80 (the “Special” patch?).
5.8 St.Soft EP
5.16 FM+SA EP
A mix of 5.0 and 6.0.
5.24 60's E.Piano
A Wurlitzer electric piano. Ex.: Queen, “You’re My Best Friend” (1976); Supertramp, “The Logical Song” (1979).
5.25 Hard Rhodes
A Rhodes. (Which model??)
5.26 MellowRhodes
A Rhodes. (Which model??)
6.0 E.Piano 2
An FM‐synthesized Rhodes. ???
6.8 Detuned EP 2
6.16 St.FM EP
The Yamaha DX7 “E. Piano 1” patch.
6.24 Hard FM EP
The Yamaha DX7 II “FullTines” patch.
7.0 Harpsichord
A harpsichord. Historical European.
7.8 Coupled Hps.
A harpsichord with coupled octaves. Historical European.
7.16 Harpsi.w
Wide version of 7.0.
7.24 Harpsi.o
Off patch version of 7.0; incorporates the sound of the plectrum striking the string on release before the string is dampened.
8.0 Clav.
A clavichord. Historical European.

Chromatic percussion

9.0 Celesta
A celesta. Ex.: Tchaikovsky, “Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy”, The Nutcracker (1892).
10.0 Glockenspiel
A glockenspiel.
11.0 Music Box
A music box.
12.0 Vibraphone
A vibraphone. Common in jazz music. Fans (tremolo) active.
12.1 Hard Vibe
Same as 12.0, but at high velocities, sounds as if struck with a hard mallet.
12.8 Vib.w
Wide version of 12.0, with faster tremolo (likely due to being carried over from SC-55).
13.0 Marimba
A marimba.
13.8 Marimba w
Wide version of 13.0.
13.16 Barafon
A balafon. African.
13.17 Barafon 2
A bright balafon.
13.24 Log drum
A slit drum. African and Oceanian.
14.0 Xylophone
A xylophone.
15.0 Tubular-bell
Tubular bells. Ex. Oldfield, Tubular Bells (1973).
15.8 Church Bell
A church bell.
15.9 Carillon
A carillon. Same as 15.8 but with fewer echoes.
16.0 Santur
A santur (hammered dulcimer). Persian.
16.1 Santur 2
A bright santur.
16.8 Cimbalom
A cimbalom (hammered dulcimer). Eastern European.

Organs (??)

17.0 Organ 1
A Hammond organ. (which preset???)
17.1 Organ 101
Same as 17.0 without tremolo.
17.8 Detuned Or.1
Same as 17.0 with chorus.
17.9 Organ 109
17.1 raised an octave with suboctave bass.
18.0 Organ 2
A Hammond with “Soft” second‐harmonic percussion (attack) enabled. (which preset???)
18.1 Organ 201
Same as 18.0 but with “normal” (louder) percussion.
18.8 Detuned Or.2
Same as 18.0 with chorus???? TODO
18.32 Organ 5
Same as 18.0 but with third‐harmonic percussion.
19.0 Organ 3
19.8 Rotary Org.
Same as 19.16 when velocity < 120; same as 19.32 when velocity ≥ 120.
19.16 Rotary Org.S
19.32 Rotary Org.F
20.0 Church Org.1
21.0 Reed Organ
A reed (pump) organ.
22.0 Accordion Fr
An accordion tuned very wet, as common in French folk music.
22.8 Accordion It
An accordion tuned moderately wet, as common in Italian folk music.
23.0 Harmonica
A harmonica.
23.1 Harmonica 2
A harmonica draw (or bend?).
24.0 Bandoneon
A bandoneon. Argentinian and Lithuanian.

SysEx tricks

SysEx to configure CC#16 to control “growl” (i.e. LFO1 TVF depth): raw SysEx; SMF

Tuning SysEx Tool


The various LFO controls (e.g. LFO1 TVF/TVA/TVP) seem to be ignored at start‐up until they are readjusted.